Battles and sieges were fought over ownership of the castle, royalty lived and died within its walls, and countless generations have been and inspired by it. The Scots and English struggled for control of the castle during the Wars of Independence. In 1314 it was recaptured from the English in a daring night raid led by Thomas Randolph, nephew of King Robert the Bruce.The castle has sheltered many Scottish monarchs. They include Queen Margaret, who died here in 1093, and Mary Queen of Scots, who gave birth to James VI in the Royal Palace in 1566. In 1996, the Stone of Destiny, on which kings were enthroned for centuries, was returned to Scotland. It is now displayed in the Crown Room.
In the 1600s, the castle became a military base. Some buildings were rebuilt and new ones were raised to house a huge garrison - and provide a secure jail for prisoners of war.
Palace of Holyroodhouse
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